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Up to date information on major Federal infrastructure initiatives.
Webinar: Federal Infrastructure Plans and Securing New Funds for Asset Investment
This webinar took place Monday, June 14, 2021.
Federal policymakers are negotiating funding proposals that could transform the possibilities for infrastructure projects across the country. Congressional action could create new categories of federal funding, provide additional funding for existing programs, or reform existing requirements to qualify for funding.
During this webinar, WSP's experts cut through the confusion to summarize the big takeaways from the competing proposals and highlight steps public agencies should be taking now to position for new funds.
WSP has the tools and experience to help your organization identify and apply for funding for infrastructure programs. Our team's national experience--combined with local knowledge--helps agencies to devise a winning strategy.
Over the past decade, WSP has helped our clients secure nearly $31 billion in state and federal grants and loans for more than 140 infrastructure projects nationwide.
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The saga of passing a federal infrastructure bill continues with several steps forward and at least one step backwards. On Tuesday evening, the White House announced that it was calling off negotiations with Senate Republicans, led by Senator Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), the senior Republican on the Senate Environment & Public Works Committee (EPW). Repeated talks and meetings had narrowed the gap between the President's American Jobs Plan and the Senate proposal, but the two sides were still very far apart. The major differences that could not be overcome were the definition of infrastructure, the total size/cost, and how to pay for the bill.
The White House has now turned its attention to working with a bi-partisan group of 20 individual Senators to see if a deal can be reached. If the bi-partisan efforts fail, it appears the Administration is still considering trying to pass a bill in the Senate using the highly complex and controversial budget reconciliation process which only requires 50 votes.
In the meantime, on May 26, the Senate EPW Committee passed a highway-only bill as part of a larger effort to pass a multi-year FAST Act reauthorization bill.
In the House, the Transportation & Infrastructure Committee (T&I) introduced its version of a multi-year surface transportation authorization bill - essentially a reauthorization of the current FAST Act - and yesterday started the process to mark-up and approve the bill in committee. However, over the course of 10 hours, the Committee got through just 29 amendments out of a total of about 230 submitted, with only two minor amendments being adopted. The mark-up will continue today.
It is important to note that the current House and Senate committee actions only relate to moving a multi-year surface transportation reauthorization bill while the White House continues to focus on a much broader infrastructure bill which would include water, power grid, broadband, affordable housing, school modernization, public buildings, etc. In the meantime, the FAST Act, which authorizes highway, transit, and rail programs, expires on September 30, 2021.
Late last week, the House T&I Committee introduced the "Investing in a New Vision for the Environment and Surface Transportation (INVEST) in America Act", HR 3684, a five-year surface transportation bill, which directs federal investments in roads, bridges, transit, and rail. Chairman Peter DeFazio (D-OR) has referred to his bill as a down payment on a broader infrastructure bill similar to what President Biden has proposed.
The bill authorizes $547 billion for these programs versus the $494 billion that was authorized by a similar bill (HR 2) which the House passed in the previous Congress, but which never became law. Many of the INVEST Act's policy provisions and programmatic changes are similar to HR 2, with some changes to align the bill more closely with components of the President's American Jobs Plan. The first year of the bill - FY'22 - is essentially a one-year extension of the current, but soon expiring, FAST Act with few policy changes.
Over two hundred potential amendments were submitted to the committee for consideration. Action on the bill in committee began yesterday and will extend into Thursday.
The bill provides $343 billion (63% of the total funding) over five years for roads, bridges and highway safety, $109 billion (20%) for transit (Title II beginning on page 553 of the bill text) and $95 billion (17%) for passenger rail (Amtrak $32 billion) and freight rail (beginning on page 1043). There is a strong focus on funding for infrastructure resiliency, emissions reduction, and other climate provisions.
Project Earmarks - The table with approved Member Designated Projects (earmarks) can be found in section 107 of Division A of the INVEST Act (pages 47 to 180) linked here. The bill provides $5.66 billion for 1,473 highway and transit projects.
House Members requested a total of 2,380 project earmarks totaling $14.9 billion - 1,775 by 213 Democratic members and 605 by 105 Republican members.
House T&I Republicans - Led by Ranking Member Sam Graves (R-MO), the Committee Republicans have reintroduced their counter-proposal to the Democrats efforts - a revised version of the "STARTER Act" which they introduced in the previous Congress. The "STARTER Act 2.0" provides approximately $400 billion in funding over five years, a 32 percent increase over current FAST Act funding. The bill is not expected to go very far in the Democrat-majority House, but its introduction underscores the lack of bi-partisan agreement in the House.
The Senate EPW Committee passed the "Surface Transportation Reauthorization Act of 2021" (STRA) on May 26 by a vote of 20 to 0. It authorizes $303.5 billion over five years in contract authority for highway programs from the Highway Trust Fund and an additional $7.8 billion from the General Fund (subject to annual appropriations), for a total investment of $311.3 billion for fiscal years 2022-2026. This is a 34% funding increase over total FAST Act funding levels. The three top policy priorities according to the Committee are: climate change, safety, and equity. Ninety percent of the funding would go to state DOTs through formulas. The Senate bill does not include project earmarks.
The full text (549 pages) of the STRA can be found here. Additional materials include a section-by-section summary, tables for state by state apportionments and program authorizations and a Committee press release.
The other Senate committees with jurisdiction over surface transportation authorization - Banking (transit), Commerce (rail/Amtrak/highway safety) and Finance (funding/revenue) still must produce and approve their portions of an overall bill before the bill can go to the Senate floor.
On Wednesday morning, before starting debate on the INVEST Act, the T&I Committee marked up and approved H.R. 1915, the Water Quality Protection and Job Creation Act of 2021, on a bipartisan vote. The bill authorizes tens of billions of dollars of new federal investment for clean water.
H.R. 1915, which builds on the Senate's recent passage of the Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Act of 2021 (DWWIA), S. 914, serves as the House's counterpart clean water legislation. House leadership hopes to bring the bill before the full House for a vote prior to July 4th and begin conference negotiations with the Senate.
As passed by the committee, H.R. 1915: